Some Drums and Percussion Instruments in Regional Music of Persia

Some Iranian Folk Drums

Gathered by Dr. Peyman Nasehpour

Some Drums of Persian Regional Music
Daf is one of the most ancient frame drums of Persia.
A kind of cylindrical drum played in Bushehr city of Iran (Persia) and is the main accompaniment of neyanban (Persian bagpipe). The right hand side of the drum is played with a stick, while the left hand side of the drum is played with drummer’s hand.
Dohol is the most popular cylindrical drum of Persia.
Doholak (also known as dorkor)
A kind of cylindrical drum played in Baluchistan, with a wooden body and goat or ship skin. It is played with hands and fingers of the drummer and is accompaniment of gheychak (bowed instrument), robab (a kind of stringed-plucked instrument), tamburak (a kind of long-necked lute), do-nali (double-reed) and ney (reed).
A double-faced frame drum held horizontally and played by fingers of the drummer. A bell if hung from the drum’s body with the help of cannabis thread that sometimes the bell is put on the upper skin to used as a jingle. This special drum is played indoors (despite of dohol that is played outdoors) by gypsy musicians of Sirjan and Rafsanjan cities in the Kerman province of Iran in festive occasions such as wedding ceremonies.
Gap-dohol (also known as marsaz)
A kind of cylindrical drum played in Hormozgan, a province over the Persian Gulf in the south of Iran. This is the main accompaniment of sorna (Persian oboe) and one side is played with a drum stick, while the other side is played with the hand of the drum.
A very rare double-squared drum played in Morghak-Bidkhun village, near to Bam city in Kerman province. In two sides of the drum you see two bells and inside some ring jingles. One hand plays the rare squared drum with the fingers in the special way that you see in the picture of the other hand plays the forth squared drum similar to how daf and similar frame drums are played.
Small pair of cymbals, as you see in this beautiful painting, played in Hormozgan province of Iran.
A very rare drum with a pot made by a special black stone and the mouth of the pot is covered with goat skin that is played with the hands of the drummer. It is the only drum in Iran that has a body made by stone and it is played in desert area of Kerman province. This drum is put on the camel-back by the camel riders and the camel with this drum on its back is the guide of the other camels particularly during the sandstorm.
Joreh (also known as Jureh)
A kind of cylindrical drums smaller than gap-dohol (marsaz) and is played only in festive occasions.
A kind of cylindrical drum smaller than gap-dohol (marsaz) that one side of the drum is played with the two hands of the drummer.
Kettledrums of Iran (Persia) and many other countries.
A kind of cylindrical drum similar to gap-dohol that usually one-side is played with a drum stick.
Persian cymbals
A kind of kettledrums
Tashtak is a kind of small tub or basin. Kuzeh means jug, pitcher or jar. In the following beautiful painting you see a tashtak-kuzeh.
Important notice: The information and pictures of this note was from a website on folk music in Persian: Later this website went down.

  • dohol-persian-cylindrical-drum
  • ghoro
  • damam
  • dorak
  • jing
  • daf-santoori
  • senj
  • tashtak_kuzeh
  • jogh
  • kurdish-sufi-dervishes-playing-daf-and-tas