Ostad Ghamar-ol-Moluk Vaziri

Ostad Ghamar-ol-Moluk Vaziri, the most famous vocalist of Persian art music


Ostad Ghamar-ol-Moluk Vaziri, the most famous female vocalist of Persian art music, was born in Takestan, Iran, in 1905. During her childhood, she lost her mother while her father had died before, so her grandmother became her guardian. Her grandmother, Molla-Kheyr-on-Nessaa (titled to Eftekhaar-oz-Zaakerin), was singer of the Rozekhaani ceremonies (religious ceremony) and Ghamar accompanied her and participated in the ceremonies. This was her first acquaintance with the Persian vocal music of the Rozekhaani genre. Their house was in the Sangalaj district of Tehran. 

When Ghamar's grandmother went to Karbalaa on pilgrimage of Emaam Hossein's shrine; she stayed at the house of her cousin (the wife of Majd-os-Sanaaye') where musical gatherings (Mahaafel-e-Musighi) were held, and great masters of Persian music such as Darvish Khaan (very famous master of tar and setar), Rokn-ed-Din Khaan Mokhtaari (composer and master of violin), Haaji Khaan Eyn-od-Dole (very famous master of tonbak) and Shaah-zaadeh Hessaam-os-Saltane (multi-instrumentalist) were playing. Through this, she became more acquainted with Persian music and she was invited in a wedding ceremony where the great master of tar, Mortezaa Neydaavud was invited there as well.

When she sang in the wedding ceremonies privately, Ostaad Neydaavud played tar and asked her to sing again and she sang again and the Ostaad loved her voice and invited her to attend his class in order to learn the radif repertoire of Persian music. She went to his class and very soon, she became one of the best singers of Iran. Their first concert was at the salon of the Grand Hotel about 1924. Then again their second concert was at the Palace Cinema located in the Laalezaar Street of Tehran. Gradually she became more famous and was acquainted with famous poets and writers of her time and later she recorded many gramophone disks and performed many concerts with the tar of her master and colleague Ostaad Neydaavud and she became more and more famous. Any money that Ghamar earned, she shared among the poor people. She passed away in August 5, 1959, while she was poor herself.