Thanks to those percussion websites that my descriptive articles on frame drums, particularly on daf and ghaval have
been published; frame drums of Persia (Iran) have been promoted, say, a little bit more than that time that I was offline.
European members of the frame drummer group -- a discussion forum powered by Yahoo and established and started by Dell Taylor,
a student of Layne Redmond - have decided to organize a European meeting for having concerts and workshops on frame drums.
These international meetings and visits will definitely help us to understand our cultures more and more and hopefully will
help to the promotion of peace, love and respect. The following note that is really small can be a background for further
researches, I hope.
There are various kinds of drums in Persia (Iran). These drums have traveled from Persia to some
other countries and vice versa. Lots of documents are necessary to find and trace these trips! Today that Internet is connecting
people to each other and every single day more people are becoming online, then the journey of drums is becoming easier and
For example, when I became online and invited by Eric Stuer to join FDG, I found that some people were discussing
about "pandeiro". Then I wondered! What kind of frame drum is this? What is this "deiro" that constitutes a part of the name
of this wonderful frame drum? Is this "deiro" related to the "doira", a dialect of "dayereh" that means circle and is the
name of Persian medium-sized frame drum?
Again, when Juanjo Fernández wrote me about "adufe", then without any doubt
I noticed that there must have been a relationship between this frame drum and "daf", the Persian frame drum.
Persian music - I mean classical and regional music of Iran - small-sized frame drums are not used, though they were used
in the past according to ancient Persian paintings (miniatures). Even in classical music of Iran, dayereh is not used. Only
there was a dayereh player, the late maestro Mahmoud Farnam who was used to accompany the very famous tar (Persian long-necked
lute) player, the late maestro Gholam Hossein Bigchekhani, both of them from Tabriz city, the center of East Azerbaijan province
of Iran. I guess this is because of the use of dayereh in Azerbaijani classical and folk music.
Dayereh in Azerbaijan
is called ghaval, the name that some American frame drummers such as Glen Velez, Layne Redmond and N. Scott Robinson and some
Western drum companies such as Cooperman use.
In Europe, we have a great drum maker, Eckermann that makes natural
skinned ghavals. Thanks to all these great frame drummers and drum makers, ghaval has been promoted in the Western world,
though their style is not as traditional as Persian/Azeri style. Only I have known Eliana Gilad who plays daira (Uzbek frame
drum, very similar to Azeri ghaval) with traditional Uzbek style.
The interests to ghaval are going to be increased
more and more. Some of my articles have been translated into French, Norwegian and recently Russian. Thank you all!
is so strange that though ghaval is not used in Persian classical music, it is promoted in the West broadly, while daf (I
mean Persian/Kurdish style not Arabic one) that has been promoted in Iran very broadly and has been used in Persian classical
music more than ever, it is more or less unknown in the West.
Many famous poets of Persia, particularly those ones
who were Sufi or interested in Sufism, have been mentioned to the daf, this spiritual frame drum, for many times. Therefore
it is known as a Sufi frame drum played in khanghah (temple of Persian Sufis).
Thanks to many Iranian musicians, daf
has been used in all genres of music in Iran. But more promotion in the Western world is necessary!
Date of publication: Thursday, 02 December 2004.
Official Website of Dr. Peyman
Nasehpour - Mathematician and Musician